THE STREET RAILWAY JOURNAL
July, 1893 - Vol. IX No. 7
HISTORICAL EXHIBIT OF A. S. HALLIDIE
The exhibit of greatest popular
interest in the street railway department of the Transportation annex is that of
A. S. Hallidie, of San Francisco, the inventor of the cable railway. The
exhibit shows the first grip car and trailer operated by him in San Francisco,
August 1, 1873. A section of the conduit used at that time is also shown.
The grip car is twelve feet in length with side and front seats, with
accommodations for sixteen passengers. The space for the gripman is in the
center of the car between the side seats.
The car is equipped with the type of grip used in the
original car and invented by Mr. Hallidie. Its appearance and mode of its
operation can be seen by referring to Fig. 30. The lower of the two
operation wheels raises of lowers the jaws to the height of the ropes, while the
upper is used for causing them to grip the cable. Fig. 29 shows the first
type of grip invented by Mr. Hallidie, but never used. It is similar to
that shown in Fig. 30, a rack and pinion being used instead of the lower wheel.
The car is equipped with a lever wheel brake and a track brake. The latter
is operated by foot power. The trailer is a twelve foot body with dark red
panels. The lettering shows that it was operated on the Kearney and Van
Ness Avenue line of the Clay Street Hill Railroad Company.
What is particularly noticeable in these days of ponderous
street railway construction is the almost flimsy character of rails and conduit
work. The track, which is shown in the exhibit, is a three inch T rail
weighing about thirty pounds to the yard. The rails are spiked to
stringers and supported at the joints by fishplates. The yokes form a
conduit 16 x 12 1/2 ins., and are spaced every four feet. The conduit was
made of boards between the yokes. The cable ran in the tube of the
conduit, the opening for the grip, however, being slightly away from the middle
line. The slot was formed by stringers, on the top of which were nailed
two inch straps of iron. Instead of pavement of any kind, two inch plank
covered the space between the slot rails and the track. The exhibit is
loan by the Ferries & Cliff House Railway Company of San Francisco.
In connection with this exhibit of Mr. Halldie, and
illustrating the progress made in cable work, a collection of cable grips in use
in different cities is shown. The types used by the following roads are
shown: Sutter Street Railway, San Francisco; Hoboken, N.J., shown in Fig.
31; Ferris & Cliff House Railway, San Francisco; Pacific Railway,
Los Angeles; Kansas City Cable Railway; California Street Railway
Company, San Francisco; North Chicago Street Railroad; Olive Street
Railroad, St. Louis Railway Company; Citizens' Railway, St. Louis;
Mt. Adams & Eden Park, Cincinnati; Wood & Fowler types are used in Los
Angeles; Denver Tramway Company, Lane type.
Directly back of the Hallidie exhibit at the west end of the
street railway department, is the space occupied by the California Wire Works.
A fine exhibit of wire ropes and cables is made, and a representation is made of
an elevated ropeway.